Mancala games for kids
Mancala is thousands of years old, tracing its lineage to ancient Egypt. With just a few easy rules to follow, the object is to collect the most animals by the end . Mancala is one of the oldest known games to still be widely played today. Mancala is a generic Versions of the game date back to the 7th century, and evidence suggests the game existed in ancient Egypt. The name is a classification or Recent studies of Mancala rules have given insight into the distribution of Mancala. These mancala games encourage kids to practice counting to think strategically. Learn mancala rules for beginners and advanced players. from Eritrea, where archaeologists have found game boards dating from the 6th or 7th centuries AD.
Mancala rules for children Kalah Kalah is one of the most popular mancala games for kids.
Inspired by traditional mancala games, the rules for Kalah were invented an American, William Julius Champion. Picture an egg carton with a bowl at each end.
At the beginning of the game, you and your opponent sit on opposite sides of the game board. The row in front of you is your row. The storage pit to your right is your storage pit. Four seeds are placed in each of the 12 houses. And then play begins: The first player takes all the seeds from one of his houses. He sows the seeds, moving counter-clockwise. If he gets as far as his own storage pit, he drops a seed there, too.
If the last seed in his hand goes in his storage pit, he gets another turn.
Otherwise, his turn ends. The game continues, often with these additional mancala rules: The game ends when a player runs out of seeds on his side of the board. The opponent gets to capture any seeds remaining on his side, and the player with the most captured seeds when.
To make the game more challenging, begin with more seeds or in each small house. Want to play online? Mancala rules for older children and adults Oware, a West African variant of mancala, is a more sophisticated game. Are there 2 or 3 seeds in it no more and no less?
Mancala: Cool Facts
If the answer is no, your turn is over and your opponent gets to sow seeds. But if the answer is yes, you get to collect the seeds and keep them in your storage pit.
Then you examine the next-to-last house. If that house belongs to your opponent, and it contains 2 or 3 seeds, then you get to collect those seeds as well.
Mancala as a group activity Games like Kalah and Oware are often played one-on-one. The materials include clay and other shape-able materials. Some games are more often played with holes dug in the earth, or carved in stone. The holes may be referred to as "depressions", "pits", or "houses".
Mancala - Wikipedia
Sometimes, large holes on the ends of the board, called stores, are used for holding the pieces. Playing pieces are seeds, beans, stones, cowry shells, half-marbles or other small undifferentiated counters that are placed in and transferred about the holes during play.
The Nano-Wari board has eight seeds in just two pits; Micro-Wari has a total of four seeds in four pits. With a two-rank board, players usually are considered to control their respective sides of the board, although moves often are made into the opponent's side.
With a four-rank board, players control an inner row and an outer row, and a player's seeds will remain in these closest two rows unless the opponent captured them. Objective[ edit ] The objective of most two- and three-row mancala games is to capture more stones than the opponent; in four-row games, one usually seeks to leave the opponent with no legal move or sometimes to capture all counters in their front row. At the beginning of a player's turn, they select a hole with seeds that will be sown around the board.
This selection is often limited to holes on the current player's side of the board, as well as holes with a certain minimum number of seeds. Awale players In a process known as sowing, all the seeds from a hole are dropped one-by-one into subsequent holes in a motion wrapping around the board. Sowing is an apt name for this activity, since not only are many games traditionally played with seeds, but placing seeds one at a time in different holes reflects the physical act of sowing.
If the sowing action stops after dropping the last seed, the game is considered a single lap game. Multiple laps or relay sowing is a frequent feature of mancala games, although not universal.
When relay sowing, if the last seed during sowing lands in an occupied hole, all the contents of that hole, including the last sown seed, are immediately re-sown from the hole. The process usually will continue until sowing ends in an empty hole. Another common way to receive "multiple laps" is when the final seed sown lands in your designated hole.
Many games from the Indian subcontinent use pussa kanawa laps. These are like standard multilaps, but instead of continuing the movement with the contents of the last hole filled, a player continues with the next hole. A pussakanawa lap move will then end when a lap ends just prior to an empty hole. If a player ends his stone with a point move he gets a "free turn". Capturing[ edit ] Depending on the last hole sown in a lap, a player may capture stones from the board.
The exact requirements for capture, as well as what is done with captured stones, vary considerably among games.